Hemorrhoids are one of the most common ailments known to us. More than half of the population will develop hemorrhoids by age 50 and three out of four adults will have hemorrhoid symptoms at some point in their lifetime. The average person suffers in silence for a long period before seeking medical care. The good news is that there are many effective options available to treat hemorrhoids.
We specialize in the use of modern and non-surgical methods to treat hemorrhoids with little discomfort and quick recovery.
Some Medical Advice
Embarrassment, fear of extreme pain, a long recovery associated with traditional hemorrhoidectomy and fear of cancer all play a role in the delay in seeking treatment of hemorrhoids. Contact us today to learn more the many options to get you feeing better.
- Dr. Rachel J. Ellsworth
Houston Methodist Hospital, Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery
What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are veins in and around the anus that tend to stretch under pressure, somewhat like varicose veins in the legs. Hemorrhoids can enlarge, swell and bulge resulting in symptoms such as itching, burning, pain or bleeding.
Straining over long periods of time, constipation, prolonged sitting, pregnancy and many other causes can result in hemorrhoids.
There are two types of hemorrhoids – internal and external. Symptoms and treatment options depend on the type of hemorrhoids you have. Both types can result in bleeding, irritation, protrusion of tissue and difficulty keeping the area clan.
Internal hemorrhoids tend to result in burning, irritation and bleeding as well as prolapse of tissue with bowel movements.
External hemorrhoids can thrombose and cause a large firm bump or nodule with extreme pain and discomfort.
Some Medical Advice
I've been treating hemorrhoids without the need for surgery for over 15 years. The procedure is generally non-painful and performed in the office in less than 5 minutes. You can usually return to work and your normal activity the same day.
- Dr. Eric M. Haas
Chief, Colon and Rectal Surgery at Houston Methodist Hospital
What to Discuss with your Doctor
Constipation and straining are often the main causes of hemorrhoids. Others get hemorrhoids after frequent episodes of diarrhea. Hemorrhoids tend to run in families and you may be more likely to get them if your parents had them. Other factors include obesity, sitting too long on the toilet, or standing or lifting too much. Pregnant women often get hemorrhoids because of the strain from carrying the baby and from giving birth.
No. There is no relationship between hemorrhoids and cancer. However, the symptoms of hemorrhoids can be similar to those of colorectal cancer and other diseases of the digestive system. Therefore, do not rely on over-the-counter medications or other self-treatments. See a colorectal surgeon first so your symptoms can be properly evaluated and effectively treated.
The following are tips for hemorrhoid prevention: Include more fiber in your diet. Fresh fruits, leafy vegetables, and whole-grain breads and cereals are good sources of fiber. Drink plenty of fluids. Eight glasses of water each day is ideal. Do not read on the toilet as this tends to promote sitting and straining which leads to swelling. Exercise regularly but avoid excessive lifting to the point of straining. Avoid laxatives that lead to loose and frequent stools and diarrhea. This can be just as harmful to hemorrhoids as constipation. Bulk-forming laxatives, such as Citrucel®, Metamucil®, Benefiber® as well as a daily stool softener such as Colace® or. When you feel the need to have a bowel movement, don’t wait for long periods before using the bathroom.
If you develop a hemorrhoidal flare-up or excessive pain, call to schedule an appointment right away to help prevent complications. We do our best to work you in right away with one of our specialists. The following measures may help minimize your discomfort. • Take warm soaks three or four times a day and after every bowel movement. • Clean the anal area after each bowel movement by gently patting with moist toilet paper or moistened pads, such as baby wipes. Do not scrub the area or use soaps. • Use ice packs to relieve swelling. • Apply an over the counter hemorrhoid cream that contains witch hazel or similar brand to help lubricate before a bowel movement. • Avoid constipation by drinking up to 8 glasses of water a day, eating a diet high in fiber, adding a bulk fiber agent as well as a stool softener.